These are exponents. To solve an exponent you need to multiply the base it self how many times its says in the power.
a²
a = base
2 = power
5³ = 5 × 5 × 5 = 125
5³ = 125
4³ = 4 × 4 × 4 = 64
4³ = 64

smithshanell13

⇒ Solutions
1) 5³
5³ = 5 x 5 x 5
= 125
2) 4³
4³ = 4 x 4 x 4
= 64