Social Studies

In oligarchy is best defined as a government ruled by a dictator. a government ruled by a monarchy. a government ruled by a small, elite group. a government led by a large, select group

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Especially during the fourth century BC, after the restoration of democracy from oligarchical coups, the Athenians used the drawing of lots for selecting government officers in order to counteract what the Athenians saw as a tendency toward oligarchy in government if a professional governing class were allowed to use their skills for their own benefit.[5][page needed] They drew lots from large groups of adult volunteers that pick selection technique for civil servants performing judicial, executive, and administrative functions  and[6] They even used lots for posts, such as judges and jurors in the political courts which had the power to overrule the Assembly.[7]

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