Many different types of mutations can occur within the body. Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disorder that is caused by different mutations within the CFTR gene. One mutation in the CFTR gene that leads to cystic fibrosis causes translation to end earlier in the gene sequence. Which type of mutation causes this translation error that leads to cystic fibrosis?
The type of mutation that causes this translation error is called deletion. Deletion occurs when a section of a DNA is deleted or lost. In cystic fibrosis, three nucleotides are deleted that results in the lost of phenylalanine.