Chemistry
Gerard786
7

What reagent separates Ag+ from Cu+ and Cu2+ from Bi3+? Explain the chemistry.

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(2) Answers
kailey674k

 to separate Ag+ from Cu2+___________________________  treat the solution of Ag+ and Cu2+ with cold dilute HCl  Ag2+ will get precipitated as AgCl (white colour precipitate)  [Ksp of 1st group cation chlorides are low]  filter the solution and remove the precipitate  then pass H2S through the already acidified solution  Cu2+ will get precipitated as CuS (Black color precipitate)  [Ksp of 2nd group cation sulphides are low]  to separate Cu2+ from Bi3+______________________________  add a few drops of dilute HCl into the solution of Cu2+ and Bi3+  BiCl3 is formed ( CuCl doesnt form because because Ksp value of BiCl3 is less than Ksp value of CuCl)  then dilute the solution by adding water  BiCl3 react with water and forms BiOCl and get precipitated (white color precipitate)  filter the solution and remove the precipitate  then pass H2S through the already acidified solution  Cu2+ will get precipitated as CuS (Black color precipitate)  [Ksp of 2nd group cation sulfides are low]

GenesisRauda

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